October 23, 2014
 
 
 


GSW

European Parliament

Últimas noticias

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Sub-Saharam AfricaThe IMF has published the October 2014 installment of its Regional Economic Outlook For Sub-Saharan Africaicon. Bolstered by efforts to invest in infrastructure and by strong agricultural production, the report claims, the region anticipates continued strong growth with an economy forecast to continue growing, expanding by about 5% in 2014, and accelerating to around 5¾ % in 2015. This growth momentum is particularly pronounced in the region’s Low-Income Countries, where activity is forecast to accelerate to 6¾-7 percent in 2014-15.

However, the current Ebola outbreak in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone is exacting a heavy toll, with spillovers to neighboring countries. In addition, external threats to the region's overall positive outlook include global financial conditions and a slowdown in emerging market growth. Other topics covered by the publication are building resilience in fragile states and addressing the infrastructure deficit. More information can be accessed in this IMF newsletter article.

 
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AfricaThe Africa-focused briefing on public spending in core sectors is now available in French. Click here to find out about the extent to which African countries are meeting the spending targets. 

 

 

 

 
 
 
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Innovative Finance for DevelopmentThe Commonwealth Secretariat has launched ‘Innovative Finance for Development: A Commonwealth Toolkit icon during their Finance Ministers Meetings in Washington DC. Co-authored by former DFI Programme Manager Nils Bhinda, this handbook is a toolkit containing a one-stop shop where countries can find information about suitable funding for development and aims at guiding countries, especially the smallest, poorest and most vulnerable, and their development partners, with ideas on identifying, evaluating and selecting financing options to boost their development plans. In a context where financing needs significantly exceed the finance available, even if the international community meets its existing ODA commitments, this manual intends to help policy makers navigate the innovative finance landscape and match sources to fund particular development goals.  

 
 
 
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From Numbers to NursesA joint paper by GSW and the International Budget Partnership (IBP) was launched on Friday 11 October 2014 at the Washington offices of USAID. From Numbers to Nurses: Why Budget Transparency, Expenditure Monitoring, and Accountability are Vital to the Post-2015 Frameworkicon identifies how vital ensuring budget transparency, monitoring, and accountability will be to the success of the Post-2015 development framework.

The post-2015 framework will contain the most ambitious set of development goals ever agreed and will require a significant increase in the effectiveness and efficiency of government spending. Bringing together available evidence and new quantitative analysis, this brief shows that budget transparency, expenditure monitoring and accountability can contribute to increases in spending towards, and better results related to, development goals. Whether or not this occurs crucially depends on data availability, space for civil society engagement, political will, and government capacity. Ensuring positive outcomes in the post-2015 agenda requires a “data revolution” in tracking government spending, aid and results.  

 
 
 
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photo briefing 9 Oct 14 Following their first meeting in October 2012 in Tokyo, Francophone Finance Ministers met in Washington DC on 9th October in the margins of the World Bank and IMF Annual Meetings.

Three main issues were on the agenda: (i) the revision of the current international taxation system which doesn’t take developing countries’ problems into account and which could translate into an unequal distribution of tax revenues from transnational companies paying taxes in their headquarters countries rather than in the countries where the source material are produced; (ii) the redefinition of aid by the DAC: ministers urged OECD donors to not only maintain aid flows but to also include lower-middle income countries as beneficiaries, and to choose a simple and transparent level of concessionality; (iii) the growing issues related to debt sustainability and vulture funds: ministers urge the international community to adopt laws prohibiting lawsuits against countries in favour of vulture funds and to use the UN backed legal framework for sovereign debt restructuring which is more rapid, comprehensive, transparent and impartial.

These issues were later presented in by the chair of the LIC Ministers’ network Mr. Patrice Kitebi, Deputy Finance Minister of DRC, at a press briefing attended by media and CSO representatives. You can download the press note here icon.  

 
 
 
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New RulesNew Rules for Global Finance, in collaboration with its partners released the 2014 Global Financial Governance & Impact Reporticon. Chaired by DFI Director Matthew Martin, the launch event kicked off with a keynote speech by Thomas Bernes, former Executive Director at the IMF and head of IMF’s IEO and high-level official at the World Bank and regional development banks. After a presentation of the report’s findings on the governance and impact of key international financial rule-making bodies (G20, IMF, World Bank, FSB, UN and OECD), panelists from the IMF, Jubilee Bolivia and InterAction discussed the challenges of assessing the development impact of financial institutions and development finance in developing countries, with a particular focus on the impact on poverty and inequality.

 
 
 
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cigi-logoDRI participated in this workshop co-sponsored by the Center for Innovation in Global Governance (CIGI) and New Rules for Global Finance, and hosted by Jubilee USA. Participants from developing countries, civil society and think tanks discussed current proposals for reforming sovereign debt restructuring processes, ranging from clauses in bond agreements to fair and transparent arbitration. This workshop is part of a consultation on sovereign debt restructuring organised by New Rules for CIGI.  

 
 
 

Brown PledgingO documento resumoicon “Financiando Educação para todos: tendências de recurso doméstico para a Educação em países em desenvolvimento” foi produzido por GSW para coincidir com a conferência de reposição da Parceria Global para Educação (GPE) realizada em 26 Junho de 2014. GPE é a única parceria multilateral dedicada em conseguir que todas as crianças, nos países mais pobres do mundo, possam ir a escola e aprender. Esta parceria de governos, sociedade civil, organizações internacionais, estudantes, sindicatos de professores, fundações e o sector privado ajudam os países em desenvolvimento a ter acesso a recursos técnicos e financeiros críticos, para atingir suas metas de educação. Em 26 de Junho todos os parceiros se reuniram para prometer novos recursos para o período 2015-2018.

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Health Care For The PoorestGSW produziu um documento resumo icon - “Prestação de cuidados de saúde para os mais pobres: os governos estão cumprindo seus compromissos?”- para informar e apoiar Oxfam e parceiros em campanhas de saúde. Usando os dados GSW, o documento analisa o progresso dos países em desenvolvimento – com foco na África – no alcance de dois objectivos financeiros fundamentais na área de gastos com saúde. Também mostra que uma quantidade muito grande de países não está crescendo a nível suficientemente ambicioso. A análise concluiu que, com menos de 500 dias para cumprir os ODM, este é o momento de ser reduzir ou desacelerar as despesas. As estimativas sugerem que em 2015 a morte de um milhão de crianças precisa ser impedida para se alcançar o ODM 4 de cortar a mortalidade infantil em dois terços. Considerando o progresso actual, o mundo não vai conseguir atingir o ODM 4 até 2028, que são 13 anos além do prazo-limite original. Entretanto, para atingir a meta de redução da mortalidade materna em dois terços, o progresso teria de ser quadruplicado entre agora e 2015.

 

 
 
 

OECDOIFApós a reunião ministerial sobre a redefinição da ODA, em Washington, em Abril, a DFI ajudou a OIF e o Secretariado da Commonwealth na mobilização de funcionários dos países em desenvolvimento para um seminário organizado pela OCDE.

Doze países trocaram pontos de vista sobre as fontes e tipos de financiamento que eles preferem, e discutiram a metodologia da OCDE em termos de definição e publicação de estatísticas e outros fluxos de APD.

Eles recomendam que a OCDE i) garanta que o monitoramento do fluxo de "além da APD" não resulte na diluição do compromisso dos países da OCDE de contribuir com 0,7% do seu orçamento para a APD; ii) realize uma ajuda de monitoramento mais adequado para o seu planejamento nacional; iii) harmonize métodos de cálculo com os da concessionalidade FMI usando uma única taxa de desconto de 5% em vez de usar um cálculo ponderado com base nos riscos que poderiam favorecer o aumento da concessão de mais empréstimos para países altamente endividados; e iv) supervisione outros orientados para o desenvolvimento (formal ou do sector privado) em termos líquidos de fluxo, e através de um processo colaborativo envolvendo a ONU, os bancos multilaterais de desenvolvimento e organizações ONG Coordenação e fundações. A este respeito, uma carta dos países em desenvolvimento da OIF será enviada brevemente ao Comité de Ajuda (DAC).

 

 
 
 

EurodadDFI participou no Fórum de discussão de Politicas da Eurodad que foi realizado em Junho, em Bruxelas que contou com a participação de 50 OSC dos países do Norte e do Sul. O objectivo foi tanto discutir questões chaves na área de financiamento do desenvolvimento, assim como iniciar as preparações da próxima conferência em 2015 programada para ser realizada em Adis-Abeba. Maiores informações podem ser encontradas aqui.

 

 
 
 
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Nossos Parceiros

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The Centre for Latin
American Monetary
Studies

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The West African Institute
for Financial and
Economic Management

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The Regional Debt Management
Training Unit
for Central and Western Africa

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The Macroeconomic and
Financial Management
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